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How to Grow Marijuana from Seed

If you’re in a location where cannabis (another term for marijuana; short for the plant cannabis sativa) is illegal, growing it is probably illegal too. Bringing in seeds or cuttings to your location can very well be a felony, and reputable sellers won’t ship to you.

You can probably purchase and grow hemp seeds and plants, which have a negligible amount of THC, but these plants won’t produce the psychoactive effects of plants that contain higher levels of THC. Check with your seller to be certain you’re getting what you think you’re purchasing. If you buy seeds for CBD-only hemp plants by mistake, you can end up being very disappointed post-harvest.

How to acquire seeds or cuttings

You can usually find cannabis seeds for sale at most dispensaries in areas where growing cannabis for personal use is legal. You may also find growers who sell cuttings/clones. You can expect to pay $50 to $100 for a pack of ten seeds. When shopping for seeds or cuttings, read the labels and any other information the manufacturer provides on its website or in its catalog to make sure you’re getting the right seeds or cuttings (the strain) for the plants you want to grow.

One way to get your mitts on some seeds is to collect seeds when you find them in flowers you purchased, or get some from friends if they’re collecting.

  • Feminized seeds: Nearly all seeds sold by reputable companies are feminized, but make sure they are. These seeds are specially treated to grow into female plants.
  • Auto-flowering or photoperiod: Auto-flowering plants are easier, because they enter the flower stage after a certain number of weeks regardless of the light/dark cycle. If you’re a beginner, seriously consider going with auto-flowering plants.
  • Genetic background: If seeds are from a well-established strain, such as O.G. Kush, Bubble Gum, or a cross-breed, the genetic background should be stated.
  • Blend: The blend represents the percentage of the three species — sativa, indica, and ruderalis. All auto-flower strains contain some percentage of ruderalis, which is responsible for the auto-flowering nature of the plant.
  • Yield indoors: The number of grams of bud per square meter of plant when grown indoors.
  • Yield outdoors: The number of grams of bud per plant (after drying) when grown outdoors.
  • Plant height indoors: Shorter than when grown outdoors.
  • Plant height outdoors: Taller than when grown indoors.
  • Time to harvest: Approximate number of weeks after germination the flower should be ready to harvest.
  • Potency: Percentages of CBD and THC.
  • Effect: The type of experience you can expect when consuming product from the plant.
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Know the laws about buying cannabis

  • In some European countries, laws prohibit growing cannabis, but seed is legal, which is quite confusing. You’re allowed to buy and eat cannabis seeds because they’re non-psychotropic, but you can’t buy them to grow cannabis. Other countries in Europe, such as Germany, have their own seed laws.
  • In Canada, where cannabis is federally legal, seeds can be shipped across provincial lines.
  • In the U.S., in some states in which cannabis is legal, you can purchase seeds from some dispensaries or other locations to grow plants as long as you keep them in the state. Other states may bar selling to non-licensed growers. Shipping or transporting seeds across state or international borders is illegal, although a few reputable online seed stores ship to individuals with success.

Cuttings are typically treated in a similar manner as seeds in legalized locations. They may be available from some dispensaries or outlets for pick up or delivery with a fee. They’re prohibited from crossing U.S. state lines or international borders. You can buy individual plants and mix and match strains. Prices vary and are often determined by plant size.

Buy cuttings (clones) only from a reputable source who understands proper back-crossing of strains for stability. Back-crossing involves pollinating a plant with one of its parent plants to promote sexual stability, so that when you have a female it won’t hermaphrodite into a male during flowering.

Both seeds and clones are often able to be purchased from commercial locations already in your state.

In the U.S., transporting any part of the cannabis plant over state lines is illegal. This applies to seeds and clones and, technically, even to tissue samples.

How to germinate cannabis seeds

Germinating seeds requires a dark environment that is around 70 degrees. There are many ways to germinate seeds (in soil, in a wet paper towel, in starter plugs) You can also sow them directly into soil in a garden or container, as long as the soil is light and fluffy, so the roots can easily grow down and the stalk can break through the soil. Plant the seeds about 1/4- to 1/2-inch deep and cover them loosely with soil.

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Most importantly, seeds need a moist environment; they won’t germinate if they get too dry. You can use a heat mat to increase the success of germination in colder climates.

How to transplant marijuana plants

When transplanting any plant, whether it started from seed or a clone, handle it gently, being very careful not to damage the roots. Center the plant in the pot, and plant it deep enough to cover the root ball completely in soil. If the plant is root bound, you can gently tease the roots apart to encourage outward growth.

Pack your soil or other grow medium down around the roots well enough to support the plant while new roots grow, but not so tight that the soil restricts outward root growth. Water the soil around the roots.

About This Article

This article is from the book:

About the book authors:

Kim Ronkin Casey has been a communications professional for more than 20 years and recently took a year-long leap into the world of cannabis as the communications manager for one of the leading dispensaries in North America. She now consults for companies in the industry on internal and external communications. Joe Kraynak is a professional writer who has contributed to numerous For Dummies books.



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Feb 14, 2022, 13:23 ET

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SANTA CRUZ MOUNTAINS, Calif., Feb. 14, 2022 /PRNewswire/ — Jade Nectar, a legacy cannabis wellness company, will be releasing THCV-rich cannabis seeds to the public at no cost. The ‘FREE THE V’ seeds will be given away through California cannabis retail shops starting in early March 2022 .

There is tremendous interest in THCV for both wellness and recreational use, but THCV-rich cannabis genetics are nearly impossible to access due to proprietary claims.

THCV CANNABIS SEEDS – FREE RELEASE TO THE PUBLIC THCV IS ONE OF THE MOST SOUGHT AFTER CANNABIS COMPOUNDS FOR MEDICAL AND RECREATIONAL USE. JADE NECTAR IS RELEASING THCV-RICH SEEDS FOR FREE TO THE PUBLIC WITH PLANS TO CROWDSOURCE OUR UNDERSTANDING OF THCV Jade Nectar, a legacy cannabis wellness company, will be releasing THCV-rich cannabis seeds to the public at no cost. The ‘FREE THE V’ seeds will be given away through California cannabis retail shops starting in early March 2022.

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Jade Nectar’s Cannabis Public Domain Project proposes an alternative model where all of the cannabis compounds exist in the public domain, accessible to all people who wish to explore them.

“The universe created the cannabis plant and all of its compounds, so they belong to us all.” – says Jeff Nordahl , founder of Jade Nectar.

‘FREE THE V’ – THCV-rich Cannabis Seeds

‘FREE THE V’ cannabis seeds currently produce between 6%-10% THCV in the finished and dried cannabis flowers. ‘FREE THE V’ was bred by Jade Nectar in a multi-year breeding project that utilized a number of landrace cannabis varieties sourced from around the world.

“Our goal was to selectively breed until we reached 5% or higher THCV in the majority of seeds, and then set the THCV free for the public to explore. It’s ready!” – says Nordahl.

Crowdsourcing THCV Effects

As more people gain access to THCV, crowdsourcing THCV experiences will provide a broader understanding of how THCV can be used for wellness and recreation. Jade Nectar is developing an online platform where users can share their THCV experiences, and review data from others.

“THCV is still a mystery, but if people report relief for a specific ailment, creative inspiration, or reduced munchies – this could help others connect with THCV if they want those same effects”. – says Nordahl

Jade Nectar plans to apply this public domain crowdsource model to other rare cannabinoids, raw-acidic cannabinoids, as well as different formulations and methods of consuming cannabis. “We can all participate in our understanding of this amazing plant.” – Nordahl

About Jade Nectar / Good Farma, LLC.

Jade Nectar, Good Farma, LLC, operates as a cannabis microbusiness in the Santa Cruz Mountains, California. Specializing in landrace cannabis varieties, Jade Nectar manufactures strain specific whole plant olive oil infused tinctures.

Jade Nectar holds multiple US Patents for infusing raw-acidic cannabinoids into food oil, and for processing fresh whole plant cannabis material into frozen purees, fresh juice, and other whole plant food products.

Jade Nectar is developing a Landrace Cannabis Botanical Garden & Retreat Center that showcases hundreds of cannabis plants sourced from around the world. The center serves as a destination for cannabis events, education, wellness, and further exploration of medicinal plants and fungi.