Feminized (seeds) refers to cannabis plants that have been bred to produce only female strains. Such cannabis plants have been modified to produce only bud-bearing female plants.
The female cannabis plant is the most coveted for its production of terpenes and cannabinoids in its flowers. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) creates the desirable psychoactive experience known as a ‘high’ that users find pleasurable and beneficial. However, other cannabinoids also excreted by female plants are also believed to assist in the treatment of numerous medical conditions.
Growers like feminized seeds because they are guaranteed an all-female crop for cultivation.
Maximum Yield Explains Feminized
Feminized seeds were first cultivated by growing female cannabis plants that possessed both male and female characteristics. Known as hermaphrodite or hermaphroditic plants, such early cannabis plants were predominantly female but if the plant underwent stress, such as water deprivation or sudden temperature drops, the plant would enter a survival mode. In survival mode, the female plant would start to produce male staminate flowers so that pollination of the plant’s female pistil flowers could easily occur.
By growing both male and female flowers, the cannabis plant guaranteed it’s lineage survival through seed production.
Researchers have found that the use of colloidal silver helped to physically modify the seeds to further guarantee the production of only feminized seeds.
What Are “Feminized” Cannabis Seeds?
Feminized cannabis seeds are produced in a way to make sure that all the resulting plants are female (since only female cannabis plants make buds).
“Regular” (or non-feminized) seeds will produce about half male, and half female plants.
Having male plants can be an asset to a breeding program, but having to watch over and throw away half the plants can be a waste of time and space for growers who just want to grow their own supply of bud!
By starting your grow with feminized cannabis seeds from a reputable breeder, you can stop worrying about plant gender altogether, and know that every single one of your plants is going to be female and make buds!
Seed Supreme is a trustworthy source of feminized cannabis seeds (it’s the company I use for seeds)
Pros of Feminized Seeds
- All plants end up producing buds
- Less wasted space on plants that need to be thrown away
- Don’t need to watch plants closely to make sure you remove males
- No chance of pollination without pollen sacs, so no seedy buds
Cons of Feminized Seeds
- In order to build a robust breeding program and create new strains, you should start with regular seeds so you have both male and female plants
- It’s possible to buy feminized seeds from bad breeders which turn into problematic hermies (mixed sex plants) or even just end up being half male plants like regular seeds. That’s why it’s important to order seeds from a trustworthy breeder!
Since I started growing cannabis nearly a decade ago, I’ve only grown with feminized seeds! I’ve never had a single plant that didn’t grow buds!
Non-Feminized Seeds Produce Half Male, Half Female Plants
(learn more more about cannabis plant sex)
Feminized Seeds Only Produce Female Plants
How Do Breeders Make Feminized Seeds?
The way breeders create feminized seeds is they breed two female cannabis plants together, which means that all the resulting offspring will be female. This is done by spraying developing flowers with a substance that changes flower development (often colloidal silver or gibberellic acid). This process is used to force one of the female plants to start producing pollen sacs just like a male plant.
By harvesting the pollen sacs and using the “female” pollen to pollinate buds of a different female plant, you are giving the resulting seeds only female genes (there is no “father”), so none of the seedlings end up being male.