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Germination of cannabis seeds in rockwool

How To Germinate Cannabis Seeds in Rockwool Cubes for Hydroponics

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How to Germinate Cannabis Seeds

Germination relates to the process of a new plant growing from a seed. It is the first step when adding to your cannabis garden. You can purchase the requisite seeds from a variety of sources. On the downside, it means that cannabis seeds vary enormously in quality. We recommend looking at reputable online seed banks to get your supply. However, please note that there are legal issues to contend with if you buy seeds. This is especially the case if you decide to buy them from a source outside the United States.

When buying seeds, opt for mature options with a dark brown appearance and a firm feel. Once you have them in your possession, make plenty of space for them to grow and thrive. Learning how to germinate weed seeds correctly is crucial to enjoying years of healthy plants and fruitful harvests. In this guide, we outline the ideal germination conditions and show you five different methods.

Ultimate Guide to Cannabis Seed Germination

In theory, germinating cannabis seeds is a simple affair. They only need three things: Air, water, and heat. The famed ‘paper towel’ method is incredibly easy as long as you follow the steps outlined below. Here is a quick overview of the best germination practices before we show you the various methods.

Water

Be careful not to over-soak your seeds. Hard seeds should be soaked for a maximum of 32 hours, although 24 hours is usually enough. Soaking too long can damage them. Marijuana seeds begin to sprout when they receive the twin signals of water and heat.

Once the right conditions occur, the taproot starts burrowing through the shell of the seed.

If the root breaks through the shell and there is no water, the seedling will die. Keep the roots moist once the seed sprouts, and make sure there is ample moisture at all times.

This is arguably the trickiest aspect of germination. You have to strike a balance between ‘warm’ and ‘hot.’ Spring temperatures are ideal in a ‘normal’ year. While cannabis seeds can germinate in colder weather, the process takes longer. Seedlings also germinate faster when there is plenty of humidity in the air. If you are concerned about low temperatures, invest in incandescent bulbs, and place them over the seed area.

First and foremost, seeds perform at their best when they are left alone! When you check them for the taproot, handle with care! Try to avoid touching the white taproot because it can easily break off.

Planting

You don’t have to plant germinated seeds too deep in the soil, or whatever growing medium you choose. 0.5” – 1” below the surface is plenty. Point the white root downwards into the earth to ensure the seedling is ideally oriented.

Are Your Seeds Good or Bad?

Always opt for dark cannabis seeds as they are the most likely to germinate when kept in the right conditions. White or pale-green seeds have little or no chance of growing.

You may have heard the age-old advice on checking for viable seeds. Apparently, if you can crush seeds between your fingers, they are ‘bad.’ First of all, they won’t be good seeds because you have destroyed them! Secondly, experienced growers know that even flimsy seeds can germinate when exposed to the right conditions.

How to Germinate Marijuana Seeds – 5 Methods

1 – The Paper Towel Method

This is the easiest method and requires cannabis seeds, paper towels, and two clean plates. A word of advice: Choose cheap paper towels because they are non-porous. As a result, you can lay seeds and roots on the surface and not worry about them getting stuck. If you use high-quality paper towels, the roots will grow into them!

It is a simple method, but also a risky one. You could damage the taproot while moving the sprouted seeds, or else the paper could dry out and kill the seeds. In any case, here is the process:

  1. Use up to four sheets of paper towel and soak them in distilled water. While you must soak the sheet, make sure there is no water dripping off.
  2. Place two of the paper sheets on one of the plates. Lay the seeds down at least 1” away from one another. Cover with the other two layers of paper towel.
  3. Cover the seeds with the second plate to lock in moisture. You have created a low-cost dome! Make sure you check the seeds often to see if they have sprouted.
  4. Keep the seeds in a room where the temperature is between 70- and 90-degrees Fahrenheit.
  5. Now you must wait! Seeds typically sprout within 1-4 days, although older seeds often take up to a week.
  6. When checking the seeds, make sure the sheets are saturated. If they are drying out, add more water.
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You will know that germination has occurred because the seed will split, and a little root appears. Make sure you don’t touch the taproot when it sprouts or during the transplantation process.

EDITOR’S CHOICE – Homegrown CannabisCo

Homegrown CannabisCo are the masters when it comes to seeds. Offering a massive variety of cannabis seeds that are well categorized, not only does this company create a resource for superb quality options including feminized seeds, it also provides extensive growing information for those looking for some support along their journey.

2 – Direct Planting

In nature, a marijuana seed will germinate in the soil and emerge with its taproot growing into the earth. Therefore, you can plant cannabis seeds straight into your growing medium of choice. The main benefit here is that you don’t have to worry about ‘shocking’ the seedling while transporting it.

Your seedling should instantly adjust to the new environment and grow. When using this method, dig a hole 0.5” – 1” deep in soil that is moist but not saturated. Keep things warm with a heating pad or lighting.

3 – Starter Cubes and Seedling Plugs

This has been championed as the easiest germination method. It is effectively a foolproof method. All you have to do is place the seed into the cube/plug and add water. Assuming you put the seeds in a room with the right temperature, germination should occur automatically within a few days. There is a pre-made hole for the seeds, so it is a ‘set it and forget it’ method.

The main downside with this germination method is that such plugs are generally available in packs of 50. Waste is inevitable if you only plan on planting a few cannabis seeds. The plugs dry out in a week or so and become unusable.

You can also use Rockwool cubes as they are cheap and easy to find. However, they are a terrible burden on the environment and bad for your health. Rockwool also has a high pH (which means you must rinse the cubes first) and offers a low cloning and germination success rate.

4 – Overnight Soaking

This is as simple as option #3. It involves nothing more than placing the seeds in a glass of lukewarm water overnight. It is a good idea if you’re using old and hard seeds. The soaking process can breathe new life into them. When you place the seeds in water, they float for a few hours before sinking to the bottom.

The soaking process can breathe new life into old seeds.

If you use a transparent container such as glass, you get to see the white taproot break out! You shouldn’t leave seeds soaking in water for more than 32 hours. Otherwise, seeds that haven’t sprouted yet will drown. If the seeds haven’t germinated by the 32-hour mark, put them in a warm and moist place to complete the process. You should probably use the paper towel method at this point.

5 – A Germination Station

You can purchase a readymade version online. Alternatively, attempt a DIY station by placing a plastic dome over a plate that you then add to a heating pad. Professionally made stations are relatively inexpensive and work rather well. You can buy one for under $40, and their plastic tops ensure better humidity control. With top brands, all you have to do is choose your growing media and plugs to start growing.

Transplanting Germinated Cannabis Seeds

There is no room for a delay once your cannabis seeds have begun to sprout. Now is the time to transfer the seed to its growing medium. Most growers prefer to use small pots, to begin with. Make sure you fill enough pots with loose potting soil and use a pencil to poke a hole around 0.25” deep. Remember, you could break the taproot very easily. Transfer it using tweezers and drop the seed into the hole with the root facing down. Finally, cover it with a thin layer of soil.

For the first few days, use a spray bottle to water the seeds, because adding too much water can drown them. It is worth investing in a pH meter to test the soil regularly and make sure it has enough moisture. If all goes well, the seed should sprout from the earth within a week. If it hasn’t sprouted within ten days, it will probably die.

Turn on your grow light once you have planted the seeds. The heat improves germination rates and speeds up the process of the seedlings opening their first set of leaves. These leaves will remain yellow until exposed to a sufficient level of light in any case. When you plant multiple seeds, you will find that they grow at different rates.

Inevitably, some will fail, while others will flourish. You will have seeds that pop fast and proliferate. Don’t be disappointed if you have a few failures because that’s part and parcel of the growing process. Even when you get everything right, you will inevitably lose a few seeds, and it won’t be your fault!

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EDITOR’S CHOICE – Homegrown CannabisCo

Homegrown CannabisCo are the masters when it comes to seeds. Offering a massive variety of cannabis seeds that are well categorized, not only does this company create a resource for superb quality options including feminized seeds, it also provides extensive growing information for those looking for some support along their journey.

Best way starting seeds in rockwool?

Hey i really do need a BEST advice how to start my uniq seeds in high success rate! Some of my seeds may be damaged over years, but i need to try to save them!

Strains,
Whitewidow x Euforia x “Mindfuck”.
Ghost of Ghana 100% equatorial sativa. (special).
Food of Gods secret strain from village of south Africa! (special).

Professional advice = reputation+

Charlie Green
Well-Known Member
Humboldt14
Well-Known Member

germinate them them move them to the rock wool cubes

Charlie Green
Well-Known Member

germinate them them move them to the rock wool cubes

Humboldt14
Well-Known Member

germinate them what ever method you prefer to use,

I use the paper towel method 100 percent success rate for me, then once the little white tail pops out of the seed, then move the seeds to the 1 inch rock wool with the tail facing down in the hole then lightly put a little piece of rock wool over the hole that the seed is in.

Dirty Harry
Well-Known Member

Soak the rock wool in 5.5 PH water for an hour or so. Squeeze out a little water from each piece. Put a seed 1/4- 1/2 inch in each one and put a cover or humidity dome to prevent from drying out. When they pop, keep them moist and under cover until they get a good start.
Any seed that doesn’t pop just didn’t pop. Pre-germination is just a say to see what seeds pop before you put them in what ever. Some of those will die before they pop out after being put into what ever.
I find it is less stressful on the seeds to just start them in what your going to grow in as they can be damage when moving them when they are just a sprouted root. but that is just MHO and it works for me. Your mileage may differ.

Humboldt14
Well-Known Member

you dont use a humidity dome for starting seeds and second rockwool cubes will not dry out. they retain allot of water, and with

seedlings in them you would not have to water for about a week maybe longer.

i have a Hydro set up also so i have been starting seedlings in rockwool for years.

Dirty Harry
Well-Known Member

you dont use a humidity dome for starting seeds and second rockwool cubes will not dry out. they retain allot of water, and with

seedlings in them you would not have to water for about a week maybe longer.

i have a Hydro set up also so i have been starting seedlings in rockwool for years.

Just stating my opinion and am not going to argue about it. But trust me, rock wool dries faster than you think when it has seeds/sprouts in it. Cost me some $ to learn that lesson.

Charlie Green
Well-Known Member

Well i putted them in wet toilet paper and inside 2 saucers holding them locked inside. I didnt soak it with water i just made the paper wet. Now im waiting them to crack that shell open, then i will fast plant them into rockwool carefully (becouse later when the root is too long its more danger them to put in rockwool). So lets see what happens! I will start posting some pics also.

ganicsarebetter
Well-Known Member

germinate in paper towl folded up, leave a littel pocket, and moisten the paper towe, and keep moist. leave it in a tupperware contaier in the dark for 3-7 days, keeping the towel moist, and you should see the embryo.

another ethod that ive HEARD works is just to put in a shotglass over night, see what happens ins the seed absorbs the moisture until it pops. thats what ya want..

the paper towel method ALWAYS works. IMO

Dwezelitsame
Well-Known Member

i would have soaked mine over night first 75 percent of time is split the next day

from there go to paper towel all in dark on heating pad at about 80 degrees

once split i transfer to cup with holes in bottom covered with a baggie and rubber band for a little greenhouse effect once soil break i remove plastic once again all heating pad .. i normally use heating pad until first transplant at 3 or 4 weeks old

Fuzzbutter
Active Member

Pre-sprout your seeds in a moist paper towel and then plant in the rock wool once the spouts are over 1/2″ I did this and got 14/20 sprouted from which I had to pick 7 and they are all doing AMAZING.

It’s easy:
get 2 paper towels
fold them in half together
place the seeds in-between the folded area
dampen the paper towel (damp, not dripping, but not too dry either)
place the damp paper towel with seeds in a ziploc bag
put them somewhere dark for a couple days
ta-da!

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Also, rock wool is naturally alkaline, so you’ll need to soak it in PH balanced water over night first before putting ANYTHING in it. My plants are currently in rock wool and doing great

Fuzzbutter
Active Member

you dont use a humidity dome for starting seeds and second rockwool cubes will not dry out. they retain allot of water, and with

seedlings in them you would not have to water for about a week maybe longer.

i have a Hydro set up also so i have been starting seedlings in rockwool for years.

Just stating my opinion and am not going to argue about it. But trust me, rock wool dries faster than you think when it has seeds/sprouts in it. Cost me some $ to learn that lesson.

He’s right, rock wool can and does dry out very fast. I had to work with professional hydroponics in my horticulture classes and we ended up losing a whole crop from a tard forgetting to properly set the water timer and the cubes dried up.

Serapis
Well-Known Member

I don’t know where the paper towel method started, I only know that it has been around far too long. I first learned of it over 30 years ago. It’s hogwash. does it work? Most of the time, but why risk handling a delicate seed and it’s new born tap root when you can simply place the seed in any moist medium and have it germinate? If the seed germinates in a paper towel, which surely can’t sustain the seed, won’t it surely germinate in moist rockwool?

Please don’t tell me God created weed that needed man’s assistance to sustain it’s self because there is no paper towels laying around in mother nature. LOL I’m sorry, but I have to laugh at the though of all the extra work towlies have to go through. Just plant the seed already, if it’s viable, it will grow, because amazingly, it is a weed. It’s hardy. The only time the plant has troubles is when we try to care for them.

Serapis
Well-Known Member

He’s right, rock wool can and does dry out very fast. I had to work with professional hydroponics in my horticulture classes and we ended up losing a whole crop from a tard forgetting to properly set the water timer and the cubes dried up.

Yep, you can skip the dome ONLY if you are flooding the tray and watering from bottom up, which is actually recommended. I understand Humboldt’s concern too, because moist seedlings in a cold environment run the risk of damping-off disease. Those trying to avoid damping-off disease, usually the same one’s who have lost crops to it, do not use dome tops unless absolutely necessary. So it’s not that one guy is more right than the other, it is just 2 different methods. Pick the one that best suits you or develop a 3rd.

Well-Known Member
Serapis
Well-Known Member

No, I sense a debate/argument brewing with this one. lol Also, we haven’t heard the other 27 ways to do it yet.

Well-Known Member

i know, i know. i think you nailed it pretty much with the viability aspect. i personally use root riot plugs but i have also had 100% success rate with striaght into coco and water. i don’t know why people make a big deal out of germinating seeds, it couldn’t be much simpler.

Serapis
Well-Known Member
Fuzzbutter
Active Member

I don’t know where the paper towel method started, I only know that it has been around far too long. I first learned of it over 30 years ago. It’s hogwash. does it work? Most of the time, but why risk handling a delicate seed and it’s new born tap root when you can simply place the seed in any moist medium and have it germinate? If the seed germinates in a paper towel, which surely can’t sustain the seed, won’t it surely germinate in moist rockwool?

It’s done because it gives a higher growth yield. This is a fact. In my horticulture class we were taught this by having to germinate seeds in different ways. Some were just dropped in soil, some rock wool, and others were pre-germinated like the above mentioned method. You get a higher yield because you are supposed to germ more seeds than you expect to sprout, once sprouted, so long as they are properly taken care of, you’re all set to go and you already know that your plants are started vs waiting to see it the seeds ever sprout. It’s very rare to lose a sprout from transplanting long as you know what you’re doing. Also, germinating with the paper towel method let’s you already see which plants are growing fastest and strongest so you can do an initial picking of stronger genetics to start with and possibly end up with better plants. I’m a wee bit stoned, so i hope this makes sense. I’ll re-read it later and edit if necessary. but I think that conveys what I’m trying to get at.