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The Rise Of Open-Source Seeds

The shackled seed. The indentured seed. The consolidated, controlled, restricted seed.

Elevated language for mere germination, perhaps, but that’s how a new group of researchers is talking about plant breeding. Most of the seeds used to grow our collective garden of food aren’t free—they’re patented by institutions and large seed companies, who own them and require licenses for anyone who wants to use them.

But last week, a consortium of breeders and researchers called the Open Source Seed Initiative tried to change that by releasing dozens of unlicensed seeds, from kale to squash to quinoa. The moment you rip open the packet of “Midnight Lightning” zucchini or “Wrinkle Crinkle Crumple” cress, you agree to a set of terms (handily written on the packet) that say the seeds don’t belong to you. You can plant them in the ground and sell whatever blooms, but you can’t legally restrict them.

The group was inspired by the open-source software movement, where certain software can be used and shared by anyone. “We don’t get to share seeds with each other anymore like we used to,” says Irwin Goldman, a plant breeder at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. It takes years to develop a seed—Goldman’s open-source seed breeds took 10—so patenting is an important way to make it worth their while.

But while Goldman patents some of his breeds through the university, he keeps many of them free. Without a “pool of germplasm”, as he calls the seed material that lives in the public domain, the diversity of our future food crops will be limited, he says.

The idea has just sprouted, but it’s already resonating with those closest to our food. “We’ve been flooded with email and phone calls since we launched this last week,” Goldman says. Gardeners, farmers, breeders, and even chefs love the idea of sharing and preserving these heirloom-like varieties.

You might see much more of this in the future—maybe even with an open-source stamp of approval. “Food produced from free seeds would have a certain meaning, like fair-trade, to indicate its social value,” Goldman says. “That’s why people should care—it’s like a national park for seeds.”

More from Prevention: The 21 Easiest Plants To Grow

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Nuts and Seeds in Health and Disease Prevention

Nuts and Seeds in Health and Disease Prevention, Second Edition investigates the benefits of nuts and seeds in health and disease prevention using an organizational style that will provide easy-access to information that supports identifying treatment options and the development of symptom-specific functional foods. This book examines seeds and nuts as agents that affect metabolism and other health-related conditions and explores the impact of compositional differences between various seeds and nuts, including differences based on country of origin and processing technique. Finally, the book includes methods for the analysis of seed and nut-related compounds. Written for nutrition researchers, nutritionists, food scientists, government regulators of food, and students of agriculture, oils and feeds, nutrition and life sciences, this book is sure to be a welcomed resource.

Key Features

  • Identifies options and opportunities for improving health through the consumption of nut and seed products
  • Provides easy access to information that supports the identification of treatment options
  • Contains insights into health benefits that will assist in development of symptom-specific functional foods
  • Examines seeds and nuts as agents that affect metabolism and other health-related conditions
  • Explores the impact of compositional differences between various seeds and nuts, including differences based on country of origin and processing technique
  • Includes methods for analysis of seed and nut-related compound

Readership

Nutrition researchers, nutritionists, food scientists, government regulators of food, and students of agriculture, oils and feeds, nutrition and life sciences

Table of Contents

Section 1: Seeds as Foods in Health and Disease Prevention
1. Whole and Ground Chia (Salvia hispanica L.) Seeds, Chia Oil: Effects on Plasma Lipids and Fatty Acids
2. Cocoa (Theobroma cacao) Seeds and Phytochemicals in Human Health
3. Soursop (Annona muricata L.) Seeds, Therapeutic and Possible Food Potential
4. Lepidium sativum seeds
5. Cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.) Seed Volatile Oil: Chemistry and Role in Health and Disease Prevention
6. Lentil (Lens culinaris) seeds
7. Moringa oleifera Seeds and Oil: Characteristics and Uses for Human Health
8. The Nutritional Value and Health Benefits of Chickpeas and Hummus
9. Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) Seeds in Food, Nutrition, and Health
10. Milk Thistle (Silybum marianum L. Gaert.) Seeds in Health
11. Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) Seeds in Health and Nutrition
12. Coriandrum Sativum: characterization, biological activities and application
13. Fatty Acid Content of Commonly Available Seed
14. Tocopherols and Tocotrienols in Common and Emerging Dietary Sources: Occurrence, Applications, and Health Benefits
15. Seeds in Cardiovascular Health
16. Health Benefits of Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) Seeds and Peanut Oil Consumption
17. Blend of sesame and Rice Bran Oils lowers Hyperglycemia and Improves the Lipids
18. Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum Linn. Maton) Seeds in Health
19. Black Soybean (Glycine max L. Merril) Seeds™ Antioxidant Capacity
20. Flax Seed (Linum usitatissimum) Fatty Acids
21. Use of Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus) Seeds in Health
22. Antibacterial Activity of Grape (Vitis vinifera, Vitis rotundifolia) Seeds
23. A Novel Extract of Fenugreek Husk Alleviates Postmenopausal Symptoms and Helps to Establish Hormonal Balance
24.Carob (Ceratonia siliqua L.) Seeds, Endosperm and Germ Composition, and Application to Health
25. Usage and Significance of Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.) Seeds in Eastern Medicine
26. Legumes Have a Low Contribution to the Total Energy Intake of the Mexican Population
27. Pulses in the Dietary Management of Diabetes
28. Current Advances in the Metabolomics Study on Lotus Seed

Section 2: Nuts as Foods in Health and Disease Prevention
29. Usage of Date (Phoenix dactylifera L.) Seeds in Human Health and Animal Feed
30. Nuts in Cardiovascular Health
31. Health Benefits of Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) and Peanut Oil Consumption
32. Consumption and non-communicable diseases: evidence from epidemiological studies
33. Protective role of Nigella sativa and thymoquinone I oxidative stress
34. Antioxidants in Nuts
35. Fatty Acid Content of Commonly Available Nuts
36. Biological functions of soyasaponins: The potential use to improve zinc nutrition
37. Nut consumption and age-related disease
38. Almond (Prunus dulcis) Seeds and Oxidative Stress
39. Nut consumption, lipid profile, and health outcomes
40. No difference in health-related quality of life, after a food challenge with cashew nut in children
41. Prevalence and factors associated to peanut allergy in Mexican school children
42. Nuts and Seeds In Musculoskeletal diseases
43. Nuts and Seeds in Breast Feeding
44. Prebiotic Nut Compounds and Human Microbiota
45. Food Allergy and Intolerance: Distinction, Definitions and Delimitation
46. Nuts and Seeds in Sexual Disorders
47. Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Activity of Nutmeg (Myristica fragrans)
48. Nuts and Oral Health
49. Betel Nut (Areca catechu) Usage and Its Effects on Health
50. Nut Consumption is Associated with Depressive Symptoms among Adults
51. Development of a Drinkable, Peanut-Based Dietary Supplement and Comparison of Its Nutritional and Microbiological Qualities with Commercial Products

Product details

  • No. of pages: 598
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2020
  • Published: April 24, 2020
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128216101
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128185537

About the Editors

Victor Preedy

Dr. Preedy is a senior member of King’s College London and Director of the Genomics Centre and a member of the Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine. Professor Preedy has longstanding academic interests in substance misuse especially in relation to health and well-being. In his career Professor Preedy was Reader at the Addictive Behaviour Centre at The University of Roehampton, and also Reader at the School of Pharmacy (now part of University College London; UCL). Professor Preedy is an extremely experienced book editor, having edited influential works including but not limited to The Handbook of Alcohol Related Pathology, The Neuropathology of Drug Addictions and Substance Misuse, The Handbook of Cannabis and Related Pathologies, The Neuroscience of Cocaine, and upcoming titles The Neuroscience of Alcohol, The Neuroscience of Nicotine, and more (all Elsevier).

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Nutritional Biochemistry, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Professor of Clinical Biochemistry, Department of Clinical Biochemistry; Director of the Genomics Centre, King’s College, London, UK

Ronald Watson

Ronald Ross Watson, PhD, is Professor of Health Promotion Sciences at the University of Arizona, Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health. Dr. Watson began his research in public health at the Harvard School of Public Health as a Fellow in 1971 doing field work on vaccines in Saudi Arabia. He has done clinical studies in Colombia, Iran, Egypt, Saudi Arabia and the United States which provides a broad international view of public health. He has served in the military reserve hospital for 17 years with extensive training in medical responses to disasters as the chief biochemistry officer of a general hospital, retiring as a Lt. Colonel. He is a distinguished member of several national and international nutrition, immunology, and cancer societies. Dr. Watson’s career has involved studying many lifestyle aspects for their uses in health promotion. He has edited over 100 biomedical reference books and 450 papers and chapters. His teaching and research focuses on alcohol, tobacco, and drugs of abuse in heart function and disease in mouse models.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health and School of Medicine, Arizona Health Sciences Center, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA

Ratings and Reviews

There are currently no reviews for “Nuts and Seeds in Health and Disease Prevention”

Seeds of prevention: the impact on health behaviors of young adolescent girls in Uttar Pradesh, India, a cluster randomized control trial

Of the world’s 1.2 billion adolescents (10-19 years), India is home to the largest number globally, about 243 million. However not much is known about the health of young adolescent girls (11-14 years) in India who enter puberty with substantial nutritional and health deficits. Identifying early adolescence as a “gateway” moment, the Saloni pilot study is arandomized control trial (RCT) to improve nutrition, hygiene and reproductive health behaviors in 30 schools in rural Uttar Pradesh (UP), India. A prevention model that includes Sadharanikaran, an ancient Indian theory of communication, guided the development of the intervention. The Saloni strategy includes a 10 session in-school intervention based on compassion, self efficacy, emotional well being, peer and parental support, packaged in the form of short, easy-to-use instructional modules. A diary designed to engage adolescent girls is provided to each girl. The cluster RCT was conducted from January 2010 to October 2011 with adolescent girls (11-14 years of age) in Hardoi district. The trial is a two-level, nested RCT with the unit of randomization being the block with 15 schools in the intervention arm and 15 schools in the control arm. A sample of 1200 girls was randomly selected. The intervention had a significant impact on more than 13 preventive health behaviors. About 65 percent girls in the intervention group had adopted 13 or more health behaviors at end line compared 4.5 percent in the control group at end line and 5 percent at baseline. Behavioral impact was demonstrated in all three areas of nutrition, hygiene and reproductive health. The study provides evidence that early adolescence is indeed a “gateway moment” to build nutritional and health reserves.

Keywords: Behavior change; Cluster RCT; Early adolescents; Hygiene; India; Nutrition; Reproductive health; School based programs.

Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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